Acupuncture: Treating Pain and Injury

Acupuncture originated in China 2000 years ago and has been a central component of Traditional Chinese Medicine ever since. Over the past 40 years acupuncture has become popular in North America and has spawned several new practice methods, such as trigger point release and medical acupuncture.

Acupuncture: How It Works

Acupuncture has gained much attention for treating injuries, pain and for improving athletic performance1, even professional athletes trust acupuncture to keep them free of pain and in top condition.

Typically after an injury the body responds through a state of protection, with inflammation and tense muscles. Although this protective reaction is designed to defend the injury site, it often leads to impaired healing due to excessive inflammation and muscles which are too tight to permit optimal blood flow. Overly-tight muscles, along with inflammation and any damage from the original injury can lead to a gradual recovery punctuated with pain flare-ups and disability. Acupuncture acts on all of these factors which prevent or delay healing and can significantly increase the speed of recovery.

When a needle is inserted through the skin and into the belly of a tense muscle the muscle spasms and then quietly relaxes. The spasms are important for treatment because they allow this muscle which has been stuck in one place for an extended period of time to be loosened up. Once the muscle relaxes the area around it is under less pulling and compression from the muscle, this leads to smoother blood-flow and decreased inflammation. Time and time again I see patients with old or new injuries which are surrounded by visibly rigid muscle tissue. Once these muscles are loosened up the patients enjoy an increased range of motion and less pain and are quite happy for it.

Acupuncture: The Evidence

Many high-quality studies have found benefit from acupuncture in a variety of conditions, including arthritis2, plantar fasciitis3, low back pain4, neck pain5, migraine headaches6, tension headaches7 and drug-associated pain8, among others. In my practice I’ve found that acupuncture can be very effective in reducing pain and promoting recovery in all of these conditions and more. I must say that I am continually amazed with the results I see with acupuncture and am very pleased to offer it to my patients. If you are in the Halifax area and would like to book an appointment for acupuncture please contact us at 902-820-3443.


  1. Hübscher M, Vogt L, Ziebart T, Banzer W. Immediate effects of acupuncture on strength performance: a randomized, controlled crossover trial. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010 Sep;110(2):353-8.
  2. Selfe TK, Taylor AG. Acupuncture and osteoarthritis of the knee: a review of randomized, controlled trials. Fam Community Health. 2008 Jul-Sep;31(3):247-54.
  3. Karagounis P, Tsironi M, Prionas G, Tsiganos G, Baltopoulos P. Treatment of plantar fasciitis in recreational athletes: two different therapeutic protocols. Foot Ankle Spec. 2011 Aug;4(4):226-34.
  4. Trigkilidas D. Acupuncture therapy for chronic lower back pain: a systematic review. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2010 Oct;92(7):595-8.
  5. Fu LM, Li JT, Wu WS. Randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for neck pain: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Altern Complement Med. 2009 Feb;15(2):133-45.
  6. Linde K, Allais G, Brinkhaus B, Manheimer E, Vickers A, White AR. Acupuncture for migraine prophylaxis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Jan 21;(1):CD001218.
  7. Linde K, Allais G, Brinkhaus B, Manheimer E, Vickers A, White AR. Acupuncture for tension-type headache. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Jan 21;(1):CD007587.
  8. Crew KD, Capodice JL, Greenlee H, Brafman L, Fuentes D, Awad D, Yann Tsai W, Hershman DL. Randomized, blinded, sham-controlled trial of acupuncture for the management of aromatase inhibitor-associated joint symptoms in women with early-stage breast cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2010 Mar 1;28(7):1154-60.

Dr. Colin MacLeod ND

Dr. Colin MacLeod ND

Naturopathic Doctor at MacLeod Naturopathic
Dr. Colin is a naturopathic doctor practicing in Upper Tantallon in the Halifax Area. He was born and raised in rural Cape Breton and returned to Nova Scotia to practice after finishing his naturopathic education in Toronto. His practice focuses on pain management and maintaining health through physical activity and diet. He utilizes platelet-rich plasma, neural prolotherapy, prolozone and acupuncture to keep his patients pain-free so that they can stay physically active, social and healthy.
Dr. Colin MacLeod ND

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